关键词： 焊接变位机； 变位自由度； 焊接辅机； 焊接自动化设备；
Welding positioner is a kind of welding auxiliary equipment, it was known as the three planes in welding auxiliary equipment with welding manipulator, welding roller bed. Welding positioner was designed with the development of welding industry mechanization, and automation. As a welding auxiliary machine, welding positioner was used in pipe′s landscape orientation welding, pipe and flange′s inside and outside central linking welding, pipe welding in all location. Though the gyration and retroflexion of the workbench, the welding positioner can make the welding line to an ideal position, which can improve the quality of the welded joint, reduce welder’s workload. It is ideal equipment especially fit to weld the kinds of workpiece, just like the shaft, tray, canister, and so on.
By understanding the welding positioner′ s development in domestic and overseas, and the positioner used in welding robot is described in the paper. A small block 0.1 ton s of welding positioner is designed. The positioner has two freedoms of motions and two unattached formula driving device and gearing. It can easily achieve the gyration and the inclination of the workpiece, thereby changing welding seam to downhand position or “ship form” position. the count of driving power is calculated, the framework of the welding positioner is designed, especially the gearing.
This welding positioner used DC motor and slowdown plane to drive the workbench to gyration or inclination. It has some advantages, such as a high-precision movement, inertia small, good braking and stability. It also can easily achieve stepless speed regulation, positive or negative turns. Because of its notables economic benefit, if it would been produced largely.
Key words: welding positioner，freedom of deflection，welding auxiliary machine， welding automatic equipment.